Skin 101

Skin is the biggest organ in our body that made from different components like water, protein, lipid, and few kinds of different minerals and substance.

It acts as a shield, protecting us from bacteria and infections, as well as helping our body to adjust the temperature to our environment. It is really important to treat our skin right, as it gives us so many benefits.


How does my skin work?
Normally, our skin has 4 layers inside. Each layer provides certain purpose for our body and for the skin itself. Let’s learn!

  • Stratum Corneum: The Dead Skin Cell
    It’s the outer, thinnest layer of our skin that consist of dead-skin cell that was in the epidermal layer. Shed this layer away to get glowing skin and renew the skin layer.


  • Epidermis: The Outer Skin Layer
    Epidermis has 4 layers: Stratum Germinativum, Stratum Spinosum, Stratum Granulosum, and Stratum Lucidum. It is also has Melanocyte or Melamine that produces skin's pigment that gives our skin color.


  • Dermis: The Middle Skin Layer
    Consists of collagen and elastin, two proteins that important to make the skin healthy and elastic. It also consists of blood vessels, hair follicles, oil glands, and neurons that can make us feel pain, touch, and temperatures.


  • Hypodermis: The Fat Layer
    In Hypoderm, we have sweat glands, fat, and muscle tissues. This layer is often used to keep the body heat and protect important organs in our body.

Normal Skin—Is There Such Thing?

Some people have to struggle with acne, big pores, or excessive oils every day in their life. But what if we’re one of the other lucky people who have normal skin—meaning no apparent skin concern or problematic skin type to address?

We often address our skin type by oily, dry, sensitive, even acnes. However, these things will help you identify whether you have normal skin type or not:

  • Your skin never has severe skin problems like acne, oily, or dry and redness.
  • It’s very well hydrated and supple
  • We have even skin tone
  • Our skin isn’t sensitive to perfume, alcohol, and other substance
  • The size of pores are normal. Visible, but normal.
  • T-Zone area has the same amount of oil, like the other part of the face.

Having normal skin doesn’t mean you don’t or won’t have skincare concerns. Even when your skin is truly normal, a brilliant skincare routine is still fundamental to keep your skin stay the way it is for as long as possible.


Fun Facts About Your Skin

  • The skin of average normal people can cover over 2 meters square area!
  • 15% of our weight is the weight of our skin
  • An average adult has 1.9 meters square of skin weighs about 4kgs, which include more than 17 kilometers of blood vessel.
  • The thickest skin layer is in our feet (1.4mm) and the thinnest skin layer is in our eyelid (0.22mm)
  • A source says that the amount of the dead skin cell in our skin is the same amount of the dust in our house
  • Skin with an open wound can heal itself by regenerating scar tissues that have a different color than the regular skin because the scar tissues don’t have hair and sweat glands.
  • We can tell our own health by the changes in our skin
Skin 101
Skin 101